Archive for August, 2009

Why Have Civil Protection Programmes Come About?

Thursday, August 27th, 2009

Civil protection programmes, or civil defence programmes as they are more popularly known now, originally meant to prepare the civilians of a country against the threats of military attack or invasion and as far back as 1920 such programmes were topics of discussion. Once the possibility of nuclear warfare was imagined, programmes were stepped up but since the end of the Cold War there has been a shift in strategy and thinking toward disaster containment and management rather than a military emphasis. Worldwide, different nations are working on responding to crises affecting civilians.
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Response

Thursday, August 27th, 2009

Having a quick response to any civilian emergency is vital for a civil defense plan. If a nuclear fallout is expected then the key is to get to as many people as quickly as possible to minimize life loss and protect assets. Training civilians in emergency response has proved to be successful in the past. A civilian with less that 40 hours of military and emergency response training can handle about 95% of all required duties. This helps to take the load off military personnel for the more vital operations and organization of the civilians.
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Preparation

Thursday, August 27th, 2009

Getting a nation prepared for every possible civil defense scenario is a difficult task but nations are constantly trying to stay ahead. Most urban areas have a blast shelter and emergency evacuation plan for its citizens. Governments also keep a stock of emergency medical supplies and food supplies in strategic locations should some mass shortage or need arise. There are also Petroleum reserves that would keep vital government and military supply chains working. As an individual one should seek out and become familiar with their governments preparation plans.
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What Does Civil Defence Do?

Thursday, August 20th, 2009

Civil defence is concerned with the threat of emergencies and disasters that may strike a country rather than military defence, which is concerned with threats of attack from hostile countries. Preparation for civil defence programmes requires assessment to understand prevention and preparedness for the resultant planning. Coordination of emergency services and personnel for evacuation procedures, crisis management and the logistics of emergencies management and contingency planning all fall under the same umbrella when considering how best to act in response to any disaster.
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How Many States Make Up The Community Mechanism?

Thursday, August 13th, 2009

The 30 states that make up the Community Mechanism for civil protection, a tool to provide enhanced co-operation regarding civil defence issues, are bound by the Council Decision of October 23rd 2001 [a recast of which was adopted on 8th November 2007] to signing an agreement with the Commission. Their number may soon be increased to 31 if the ongoing negotiation with Croatia to sign up to the Mechanism under the framework is successful. Via the Community Mechanism, participants’ pooled resources can be availed of internationally by countries stricken by major disasters and emergencies.
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What Are The Participant States Of The Community Mechanism?

Thursday, August 6th, 2009

Presently 27 States within the EU and three others participate in the Community Mechanism for civil protection. The participant states are: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, France, Finland, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom within the EU and Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway. By pooling resources its members may better protect, offering a response to those disasters requiring imminent action.
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